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Population health, or public health, focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating an entire population of people rather than one person at a time.
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) — which rewards value and care coordination rather than volume and care duplication — requires clinicians to manage this type of patient care at a practice level. It’s referred to as practice-based population health.
If you want to improve a population’s health, you must be able to measure it. Programs such as The Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ (CMS) Quality Payment Program identifies national focus areas and requires the use of electronic clinical quality measures (eCQM).
Public health agencies also require electronic reporting, because it improves the timeliness and accuracy of the data they need to identify disease outbreaks and to track disease trends over time.