Representing a patient’s smoking behavior.

Data Element

Additional Information

Smoking Status

Applicable Vocabulary Standard(s)

Applicable Standards
  • SNOMED International, Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT®) U.S. Edition, September 2019 Release


CDC Unified Comment: California Department of Public Health

Smoking Status: Smoking, tobacco use, alcohol use, and illicit drug use are found in multiple areas of the record ( e.g. Smoking Status, Substance Use, and Social History). Recommend streamlining all substance use items in the same part of the record, preferably the Substance Use section. 
  • Simply recording smoking status is insufficient given the evolving types of nicotine products and dual use and should be replaced with response to the question, “In the PAST 12 MONTHS, how often have you used any tobacco product (for example, cigarettes, vapes, cigars, pipes, or smokeless tobacco)?” Values of frequency are to be identified as appropriate. 
  • Follow-up questions on types and frequency of tobacco products used (e.g. cigarettes, vapes, cigars, pipes, smokeless tobacco) 
  • Specific response on marijuana use similar to the tobacco question: "In the PAST 12 MONTHS, how often have you used any marijuana product (for example, smoked, vaped, dabbed, or ingested)?" 
  • Follow-up questions on types and frequency of marijuana products used 
  • Last report of active alcohol use 
  • Last report of recreational opioid use 
  • Last report of methamphetamine use 

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