|Submitted By: Raymonde Uy / National Association of Community Health Centers (NACHC)|
|Data Element Information|
|Use Case Description(s)|
|Use Case Description||Veteran Status:
Veterans face unique health challenges arising from their military service. While in service, they face deadly occupational hazards, and upon return, face issues with mental health and reintegration, among other issues. As such, veterans are at heightened risk for certain health outcomes, including Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and joint replacement surgery.
Migrant, Seasonal, and Agricultural Workers’ health is impacted by the convergence of multiple factors, including mobility and temporality of work, occupational hazards and harsh working conditions, cultural and linguistic barriers, and immigration status, among others. Access to affordable and appropriate health care is often rare. As a result, migrant, seasonal, and agricultural workers are at high risk for many clinical, non-clinical, and communal health needs.
Refugees are at serious risks for being underserved medically. They additionally survey from an amalgamation of other SDOH such as language barriers, housing instability, occupational risk
Health care providers need to be aware of, and sensitive to, cultural diversity, life situations, and other various factors that shape a person’s identity to provide safe and quality care to all patients. These factors include refugee status, among other factors. (CDC, Cultural Diversity and Considerations)
|Estimated number of stakeholders capturing, accessing using or exchanging||All federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) gather data about Veteran, Farmworker and Refugee Status. This encompasses, in 2019, 29 million patients at 1400+ FQHCs with more than 13000 health care delivery sites. The evaluation of social determinants of health, however, should be considered a required component of a patient-centered, value-based approach to care and therefore should be potentially relevant for any patient or care setting.|
|Link to use case project page||https://www.nachc.org/research-and-data/prapare/toolkit/|
|Maturity of Use and Technical Specifications for Data Element|
|Applicable Standard(s)||Veteran Status:
Z56.82 Military deployment status
Z57.2 Occupational exposure to dust
Z57.3 Occupational exposure to other air contaminants
Z57.4 Occupational exposure to toxic agents in agriculture
Z57.6 Occupational exposure to extreme temperature
Z57.8 Occupational exposure to other risk factors
Agricultural/animal husbandry worker (occupation) - SNOMED: 106390009
Refugee family (social concept) - SNOMED: 413323004
Refugee (person) - SNOMED: 446654005
Are you a refugee? - LOINC: 93027-1
Refugee - LOINC: LA29153-6
|Current Use||Extensively used in production environments|
Community Health Centers, Health Center Controlled Networks and Primary Care Associations routinely capture these data elements in different electronic health record systems
|Number of organizations/individuals with which this data element has been electronically exchanged||5 or more. This data element has been tested at scale between multiple different production environments to support the majority of anticipated stakeholders.|
Commercial vendors including Aunt Bertha, UNITEUS and NowPow consume PRAPARE data and use it to link individual patients to social interventions.
|Restrictions on Standardization (e.g. proprietary code)||None
|Restrictions on Use (e.g. licensing, user fees)||The PRAPARE tool has very minimal licensing and user fees.|
|Privacy and Security Concerns||None|
|Estimate of Overall Burden||Low burden, especially for healthcare institutions that routinely cater to the target demographic and geographic catchment area.|
Information from the submission form
Data element capturing seasonal or migrant farm work status.