|Submitted By: Craig Newman / Altarum|
|Data Element Information|
|Use Case Description(s)|
|Use Case Description||Exposures to environmental and communicable disease threats through travel play an important role in many public health events and have a significant impact on routine reporting as well. For both reasons it is important for public health investigators to receive discrete travel history information about patients. This information is particularly important in electronic case reporting and during outbreaks.
|Estimated number of stakeholders capturing, accessing using or exchanging||Travel history would be reported in all jurisdictions as part of electronic case reporting.|
|Maturity of Use and Technical Specifications for Data Element|
|Applicable Standard(s)||1. SNOMED: 420008001 |Travel (event)|
2. Geographical location history (https://phinvads.cdc.gov/vads/ViewValueSet.action?oid=2.16.840.1.114188.8.131.5201)
3. ISO 3166 country codes (https://www.iso.org/iso-3166-country-codes.html)
|Additional Specifications||HL7 FHIR® Implementation Guide: Electronic Case Reporting (eCR) - US Realm
HL7 CDA® R2 Implementation Guide: Public Health Case Report, Release 2 - US Realm - the Electronic Initial Case Report (eICR)
|Current Use||Extensively used in production environments|
Used as part of electronic case reporting
|Number of organizations/individuals with which this data element has been electronically exchanged||5 or more. This data element has been tested at scale between multiple different production environments to support the majority of anticipated stakeholders.|
Somewhere between 56 and 2400 public health agencies and 5000 reporting sites.
|Restrictions on Standardization (e.g. proprietary code)||None|
|Restrictions on Use (e.g. licensing, user fees)||None|
|Privacy and Security Concerns||No concerns over and above the typically privacy and security considerations associated with any health related data.|
|Estimate of Overall Burden||These data elements are straightforward in nature and should not present a large burden to implement provided the EHR system is capturing the data.|
Information from the submission form
|Travel History Location||
A location in a person’s travel history either as an address or as a coded location.