Representing Patient Family Health History

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Comment

Wrong code system referenced for Problem Type

2.16.840.1.113883.3.88.12.3221.7.2 - this code system is not LOINC as referenced above...it is SNOMED.

The AMA requests that the…

The AMA requests that the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code set be added to the standards listed in Section I: Representing Patient Family Health History. The CPT Evaluation and Management codes specifically address capturing the patient’s family health history. The E/M codes specifically provide information about:
  • The health status or cause of death of parents, siblings, and children;
  • Specific diseases related to problems identified in the chief complaint or history of the present illness, and/or system review
  • Diseases of family members that may be hereditary or place the patient at risk
Also, CPT code 96040 identifies medical genetics and genetic counseling services. CPT is a comprehensive and regularly curated uniform language that accurately describes medical, surgical, and diagnostic services and provides for reliable communication among users. It has an extremely robust and mature development process with open and transparent meetings and clinical input from national medical specialties and relevant stakeholders. It is the most widely adopted outpatient procedure code set. Use of the CPT code set is federally required under HIPAA.

Preserving Clinical Context

General Comments: USCDI specifies lots of clinical data classes and data elements
  • Resolving to myriad de-coupled fragments
  • With vanishingly little focus on:
    • Clinical context and vital inter-relationships, e.g., between problems, diagnoses, complaints, symptoms, encounters, history and physical findings, allergies, medications, vaccinations, assessments, clinical decisions, orders, results, diagnostic procedures, interventions, observations, treatments/therapies, referrals, consults, protocols, care plans and status...
    • Elements and context + purpose of capture:  e.g., blood pressure, its measurement (systolic, diastolic), its unit of measure (mm/Hg), its reason for capture, its context of capture (sampling site, sampling method, patient position, at rest/during/post exercise...
It is crucial to consider and determine/resolve how clinical content and context are bound together and preserved in USCDI.  The ultimate end user (often a clinician) must be able to readily discern context and inter-relationships – otherwise USCDI places an undue (and often unresolvable) burden on this user.  Only the source EHR/HIT system can structure clinical content and context properly.  Once data is stuffed into the USCDI framework and related exchange artifact (e.g., FHIR resources) this opportunity is forever lost.