Exchanging Images Outside a Specific Health Information Exchange Domain

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Comment

Using the Direct Protocol for Image Exchange

As a member of the Direct Project Workgroup, I would like to highlight work in progress to make the Direct Protocol feasible for image exchange and DICOM study exchange.  The workgroup is testing the concept of message fragmentation (defined in RFC2046 section 5.2.2).  This technique when combined with the Trust, Encryption, and Delivery notification standards of the Direct Protocol create an opportunity to eliminate the SMTP limit of 10 MB for message size and also eliminate the need for expensive persistent connections between parties.  With Direct, any party with a Direct Address can immediately inter-operate with any other party with a Direct Address.  This cost reduction should lead to more widespread Image Exchange.

Bruce Schreiber

CTO MaxMD

Uptake of XCA-I (and XDS-I) profile

The XCA-I and XDS-I profiles are both beyond the pilot phase and have been generally adopted by the diagnostic imaging industry. Both profiles are in "production" globally.

Suggestions for Section III

Section III: Standards and Implementation Specifications for Services/Transport/ExchangeRecommendations:
  1. Change the title of the first block to be:  Interoperability Need: Exchanging Images Outside of a Specific Health Information Exchange Domain
  2. For this block, the standard is DICOM (not DICOMweb – DICOMweb is an implementation within the DICOM standard, and the XCA-I implementation does not rely on DICOMweb).
  3. For now I would leave the next two rows (IHE XCA-I and IHE-XCPD/IHE-PIX) the same. But I think we will want to revisit this and consider if/how WIA fits for exchange outside of a HIE.
  4. Change the title of the second block to be:  Interoperability Need: Exchanging Images Within a Specific Health Information Exchange Domain
Given the way the document is structured, the “Implementation Specification” rows should reference the implementation documentation that utilizes the “Standard” defined in the first row. So once again, the “Standard” is DICOM. If a Health Information Exchange is built on a VNA, or dedicated PACS acting as a VNA, then DICOM or DICOMweb provides the standard, and we can reference Part 4, or Part 18 for the Implementation Specification.  
Recommendations for Section III_DICOM.docx

Exchanging Imaging Documents Outside a Specific HIE Domain

Exchanging Imaging Documents Outside a Specific Health Information Exchange Domain Recommend addition of IHE PDI (Portable Data for Imaging) with an adoption of 5. Add a corresponding note to acknowledge that network transfers are clearly preferable to digital media, but when network solutions are not yet in place, transfer using digital media is preferable to no transfer at all.  PDI does work and is successfully used widely. https://www.ihe.net/uploadedFiles/Documents/Radiology/IHE_RAD_TF_Vol1.pdf
Exchanging Imaging Documents Outside a Specific HIE Domain_ODonnell_DICOM.docx