|Submitted By: Nedra Garrett / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention|
|Data Element Information|
|Use Case Description(s)|
|Use Case Description||Disease reporting to public health relies on data from the EHR for identification of reportable events and to provide critical information used in confirming a diagnosis, understanding severity and classifying a case of disease that requires public health intervention for prevention, treatment, control, and outbreak identification and response. The specimen collection date is of particular importance for public health in understanding when laboratory confirmable evidence of a disease process was present in the patient. Specimen type and specimen site provides information useful in interpreting laboratory findings to determine severity and transmissibility.|
|Estimate the breadth of applicability of the use case(s) for this data element||Over 3000 public health agencies in the US would use these data elements for disease surveillance and control activities.|
|Link to use case project page||https://www.cdc.gov/elr/index.html|
|Maturity of Use and Technical Specifications for Data Element|
|Current Use||Extensively used in production environments|
These are standard elements in HL7 laboratory messaging
|Extent of exchange||5 or more. This data element has been tested at scale between multiple different production environments to support the majority of anticipated stakeholders.|
These data elements are standard components of HL7 electronic test order and reporting (ETOR) messages between clinical setting and clinical laboratorories and of HL7 electronic laboratory reporting (ELR) messages sent from clinical laboratories to public health.
|Restrictions on Standardization (e.g. proprietary code)||None|
|Restrictions on Use (e.g. licensing, user fees)||None|
|Privacy and Security Concerns||None|
|Estimate of Overall Burden||N/A|
|Other Implementation Challenges||N/A|
Analysis of clinical specimens to obtain information about the health of a patient.
Substance being sampled or tested. (e.g., nasopharyngeal swab, whole blood, serum, urine, wound swab).
Applicable Vocabulary Standard(s)